In the 1st verses of Bereshit Genesis, God produces light and “there was night and early morning, the initial day.” (Genesis 1:5) The rabbis reasoned that when the Torah, the merchandise of divine revelation, said that the very first time started with night, that have to have already been God’s intention, for “days” to begin with at sunset. When the sky is streaked because of the diminishing Friday sunshine, in Jewish homes across the world, candles are illuminated, blessings are stated and Shabbat is welcomed. Plus in synagogues, the Friday Ma’ariv service starts with a variety of hymns, Psalms, and blessings collectively called Kabbalat Shabbat/ Welcoming the Sabbath.
In Orthodox congregations, Kabbalat Shabbat comprises of Psalms 95 through 99, Psalm 29, the hymn Lecha Dodi, Come my beloved naked russian bride, Psalms 92 and 93, a long reading through the Talmud passages governing the Sabbath, placed here to split up Kabbalat Shabbat from Ma’ariv, and both the Mourner’s Kaddish and Kaddish de-Rabanan, a Kaddish said after learning in an organization, in honor of your teachers. In Conservative, Reform and Reconstructionist solutions, the Talmud passages as well as the two variations of Kaddish could be omitted, often re placed by a half-Kaddish that separates the Kabbalat Shabbat through the Ma’ariv solution proper.
Lecha Dodi: Inviting the Sabbath Bride
Shabbat is a period of joy, together with six Psalms that comprise the bulk of the Kabbalat Shabbat are celebratory, corresponding to your six times of creation; however it is Lecha Dodi that lots of feel may be the real centerpiece for this part of the Shabbat night solution.
The small town of Safed, located in the mountains of Galilee in northern Israel, was a center of Jewish mysticism in the 16th century. Solomon ben Moses Halevi Alkabets was one of many mystics that are many lived and learned here. On Friday nights, Alkabets along with his peers would dress yourself in white like bridegrooms and joyously dance and march through the areas outside city to welcome the Sabbath, which can be depicted both in Talmud plus in mystical texts being a bride and queen. Read more